These are the 6 most important steps to gun cleaning:
Step 1. ALWAYS be sure the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction!
Step 2. Rigorously take gun aside, making sure to keep track of all parts. Please reference your homeowners handbook for detailed instructions on how to disassemble weapon. For many over/unders, when the action is closed, you remove the forestock (wooden part where your entrance hand copper removal goes underneath the barrel) by knocking down on the lever on the forestock. With the forestock off, you open the action of the gun and pull up and forward on the barrels (watch out to not let the barrels fall off the gun and to the ground as soon as the action is open). You now have three distinct items, the receiver (stock and trigger meeting), the barrels, and the forestock. (Also, reference our gun cleaning video to comply with along visually).
Step 3. Clean your weapon with a solvent (corresponding to Hoppe’s 9). Inside the barrels, use a bore brush or a rod with a patch with solvent utilized to the patch. (preferable pushing from the breach to the front of barrels (the same direction the shot/slug travels). Then use a clean dry patch and push that patch through the barrels. Proceed this alternating process using clean patches (first with solvent after which with out) until the patches no longer come out dirty. Use a toothbrush with solvent to wash different metal parts of gun to remove amassed residue/deposits/”gunk”.
Step 4. Remove any remaining solvent from surfaces. Wipe down the firearm and all of the parts to remove any residual solvent (which if left on metal may be dangerous).
Step 5. Wipe down metal parts with light coat of oil/lubricant/rust inhibitor. To protect the firearm and assist it operate correctly, wipe down metal components with a light coat of gun oil or lubricant corresponding to silicone or RemLube by Remington. Use the lubricant/oil sparingly. A little goes a long way. If the storing the gun, try to not go away fingerprints on it. While the fingerprints will doubtless not do anything to impact the perform of the gun, they are often ugly and the oils on your skin could mar the end of the metal.
Step 6. Reassemble weapon and verify that it’s functioning properly. Holding the receiver horizontal and with the barrels at a forty five degree angle to the ground, slide the barrels down onto/into the receiver until the “hook” on the backside of the barrel(s) catches in the receiver. Lift up on the front of the barrels until they lock into place. Now reattach the forestock. With the small latch on the forestock open, slide the forestock into place and easily shut the latch. Then open the breach of the gun and close it once more to ensure reassembly was finished correctly. All elements should move smoothly without any excess liquids/oils/and many others seen on any part(s) of the gun. Do NOT use undue pressure on the weapon. Likelihood is if you have to use much (if any) muscle, you’re doing something incorrectly.